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Miniature Bull Terrier


The Miniature Bull Terrier is a member of the Terrier family, the Mastiff family, and the Bull family. Its original area of origin is the country of England and the date of origin can be traced back to the 1800s. This dog’s original function was nothing more than to be a companion. Today, many Miniature Bull Terrier dogs are also used at Earthdog trials.

This dog breed was created directly from the regular sized Bull Terrier so it shares the same history in the early days. Back then, the standard drawn up for Bull Terriers allowed for all size ranges and poundages. This diversity reflected all of the breed’s ancestry, including the Black and Tan Terrier, Bulldog, and the White English Terrier.

Miniature Bull Terriers have been in existence for a long time. There have been some Bull Terriers reported to weigh as little as 4 pounds. One of the first groups of smaller “toy” Bull Terriers were white in color and referred to as “Coverwood Terriers”. This name was a reflection of the kennel that produce them.

In time, a better and more healthier group of small Bull Terriers were created.  Their size was somewhat larger than the toy version and so became known as “miniatures”. These Miniature Bull Terriers were bred and their popularity rose to such a point that the English Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1939.

This recognition created a few problems at first. Because it was its own separate breed, Miniature Bulls could not be interbred with the regular-sized Bull Terriers. Unfortunately, the numbers of miniatures were so small that inbreeding was forced to happen. The numbers rose slowly and in 1991 the Miniature Bull Terrier was recognized by the AKC.


Most miniature and toy dog breeds are considered lapdogs. However, the Miniature Bull Terrier does not have the same characteristics as these other small dogs. As far as personality is concerned, these dogs are literally just smaller versions of the standard-sized Bull Terrier. They are rough, playful, mischievous, yet sweet and friendly, all the same time. Miniature Bull Terriers are considered to be very stubborn but when trained properly become excellent watchdogs.

Taking Care Of Your Miniature Bull Terrier

Miniature Bull Terriers should not live outdoors. Playtime in the yard and a few walks on a the leash will provide plenty of exercise for this dog. They also make excellent pets for small apartments or condominiums.

Health Information

The average lifespan for a healthy Miniature Bull Terrier is between 11 and 15 years. The only major health concern that may show itself is deafness. This issue is mostly seen in the all-white color versions of the Miniature Bull Terrier. Minor issues include lens luxation and glaucoma. Kidney disease is sometimes seen with this breed, but is extremely rare.


The Miniature Bull Terrier has existed since the latter part of the 19th century. The smallest dogs from the standard size litters were bred to attain the miniature line. The Miniature Bull Terrier’s popularity vacillated, losing and regaining favor in the U.S. and Great Britain for some time. The standard for this breed is just like the Standard Bull Terrier, excepting its size.

The English Kennel Club gave the miniature recognition as a different breed in 1939.  The AKC gave it recognition in 1991.

General Looks

The body proportions of this breed are square-like. The head is flat on top and sloping all the way to the nose’s tip. The shape resembles an egg. It has small closely setting eyes. The shoulders have well defined muscles and the body is full.

Is This Your Breed?

The Miniature Bull Terrier isn’t a good dog for children because it doesn’t react well to teasing.  It needs plentiful exercise such as walking and playing. When walking, this breed must be on a leash to prevent trouble with other dogs. It only needs infrequent brushing and baths. It sheds in the fall and spring. It is a good apartment dog.


The coat is short, glossy, fine, flat and stays close to the body.


The colors are solid red, black, white, brindle, fawn and tricolor.


The movement is smooth with power.


It is smart, lively, playful, loyal yet independent. It reacts well to firm not harsh training. This breed is better as the only pet. It is aggressive to other canines. It has a sense of humor. This breed is a good companion that doesn’t do well if left alone a long time.

This breed is strong and at times stubborn and requires appropriate training. The owner has to kept the dog’s behavior in line by being assertive, strong, and attentive. It needs plenty of socialization opportunities from a pup and obedience training to help it be a good companion. Doing this creates a dog that is a wonderful friend and protector. Miniature Bull Terriers like to be included in your activities.


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